看点丨2017世界园长大会-德国森林幼儿园园长:让每个家庭与家长成为森林幼儿园的共建者
发布时间:2017-08-14 11:59:28    来源:    作者:

德国森林幼儿园园长,德国柏林大学教育学学院心理学硕士Asha Elfriede Monika在世界园长大会上为我们分享他的森林幼儿园心得。
Asha Elfriede Monika, Dean of the German Forest Kindergarten, Faculty of Education, University of Berlin, Germany, shared his knowledge of the forest kindergarten at the World Council meeting.

主题:让每个家庭与家长成为森林功幼儿园的共建者。
Theme: Let each family and parents become forest workers kindergarten co-founder.

德国,崇尚自然的生活,一个在森林里的幼儿园。
幼儿园中的孩子每日自然地生活,在自然中发现问题,处在真实的情景中,孩子们自己自然的解决问题。不仅仅是孩子,老师和社区家长,也是自然环境的营造者,潜移默化的影响孩子,这就是教育的自然发生。愉快的群体活动,每一个人都相互认识,相互关心,相互连接;德国,崇尚自然的生活,一个在森林里的幼儿园。
Germany, respect for the natural life, a kindergarten in the forest.
Children in kindergarten live daily, find problems in nature, in the real scene, the children themselves to solve the problem. Not only children, teachers and community parents, but also the creator of the natural environment, subtle influence on children, this is the natural occurrence of education. Happy group activities, everyone is mutual understanding, mutual concern, interconnection;

每个人都是群体的一部分,感受人和群体的关系,孩子自然的融入其中。让孩子之间,建立信任和情感。德国文化是避免无序感,森林幼儿园的孩子整天生活在森林,不同的季节做不同的事情,没有固定的玩具和课程框架。孩子们按照自己的节奏,自愿来学习,这样就能激发一种自我效能。
Everyone is part of the group, feeling the relationship between people and groups, children naturally into them. Let the children build trust and emotion. German culture is to avoid disorder, the forest kindergarten children live all day in the forest, different seasons do different things, there is no fixed toy and curriculum framework. The children are willing to learn according to their own rhythm, so that they can stimulate a self-efficacy.


德国文化是避免无序感,森林幼儿园的孩子整天生活在森林,不同的季节做不同的事情,没有固定的玩具和课程框架。
孩子们按照自己的节奏,自愿来学习,这样就能激发一种自我效能。
German culture is to avoid disorder, the forest kindergarten children live all day in the forest, different seasons do different things, there is no fixed toy and curriculum framework.
The children are willing to learn according to their own rhythm, so that they can stimulate a self-efficacy.

 

森林幼儿园园长Asha Elfride Monika在会议上说:
如果想让孩子成长健康、富有同情心、并拥有丰富的社会认知能力,那最好的办法就是把孩子与大自然紧紧地联系在一起。
如果你想让你的孩子甚至是他的后代,能够有足够的新鲜空气与创造力,可以迎接未来的巨大挑战做好准备,同时也希望他们拥有足够的强大的内心动力和解决问题的意愿,那么森林幼儿园和大自然的直接连接就是最实际可行的方式,森林幼儿园是老师和家庭接受一个新的教育理念的过渡形态,因此,家园共育是成功的必备前提。老师和家长又怎么一起工作呢?
怎么去改变现有的意识呢?
我们该怎么去发展整个幼儿园系统,教师,孩子、家长和近亲之间的合作呢?
步骤很简单,但是很奏效,这就是我想与大家分享的。
Asha Elfride Monika, director of the Forest Kindergarten, said:
If you want your child to grow healthy, compassionate, and have a wealth of social cognitive ability, the best way is to keep the child tightly with nature
If you want your child and even his offspring to have enough fresh air and creativity to prepare for the great challenges of the future, but also hope that they have enough strong inner power and the will to solve the problem, Then the forest kindergarten and the direct connection of nature is the most practical way, the forest kindergarten is the teacher and the family to accept a new educational philosophy of the transition form, therefore, home education is a prerequisite for success. How does the teacher and the parents work together?
How to change the existing consciousness?
How can we develop cooperation between kindergarten systems, teachers, children, parents and close relatives?
The steps are simple, but it works, and that's what I want to share with you.

 

森林幼儿园园长Noah Malte Robin 在会议上说:森林孩子永远是一种内在的态度,随着你在大自然中度过的每一小时,以及你生命中的所有结果,就想出生在森林中的孩子一样,你的内心态度也会随之增加。
在自然界中,有无数的小时,由于这种知识,人们对生活中真正重要的东西都有着极大的尊重、意识和清晰的界限。
这不是一个只停在学校门前,而是持续一辈子的计划,是孩子未来发展机会的最佳选择。
Forest Kindergarten Noah Malte Robin said: Forest children are always an inner attitude, as you spend every hour in nature, and all the results of your life, want to be born in the forest like a child Your inner attitudes will increase.
In nature, there are countless hours, because of this knowledge, people are really important things in life have a great respect, awareness and clear boundaries.
This is not a parked in front of the school, but a lifetime plan, is the child's future development opportunities the best choice

德国森林幼儿园有哪些吸引人的地方呢?
What are the attractions of the German Forest Kindergarten?

强调自我创新
发挥自己天马行空的想象力,把石头摆出各种各样的形状
Emphasize self-innovation
Play their imagination, put the stone in a variety of shapes

注重团体理念
将“大家庭”这一理念强化,古人云“众人拾柴火焰高”,让孩子从小学会并养成团结协作的好习惯,不单枪匹马面对困难,大家一起努力。
Focus on group ideas
Will be "big family" to strengthen the concept of the ancients cloud "everyone pick firewood high", so that children learn from childhood and develop a good habit of unity and cooperation, not only face the difficulties, we work together.

相信他人
信任,是相信并敢于托付。信任的意义就是在一起能快乐。信任是一种有生命的感觉,也是一种高尚的情感,更是一种连接人与人之间的纽带,德国森林幼儿园的孩子们从小被教导学会去"turst others"
Believe in others
Trust is to believe and dare to entrust. The meaning of trust is to be happy together. Trust is a living feeling, but also a noble emotion, but also a connection between people and the link between the German forest kindergarten children were taught to learn to "turst others"

正确对待离别
分离,对孩子来说也算是一种新的锻炼。这是一种挫折教育。毕竟在孩子未来的人生路上,都要面对很多的分离。而挫折教育能够培养宝宝吃苦耐劳的精神、独立意识以及一定的心理承受能力。
Be the right thing to do
Separation, the child is also considered a new exercise. This is a setback education. After all, in the future life of the child on the road, have to face a lot of separation. And frustration education can cultivate the spirit of the child hard-working, independent consciousness and a certain degree of psychological endurance.

 

德国的森林幼儿园提倡的幼儿教育是:
自然的环境  自由的玩耍  自主的选择  自愿的学习  回归自然  回归天性  
Germany's kindergarten to promote early childhood education is:
Natural environment free play independent choice voluntary return to natural return to nature

让孩子与大自然的亲密接触可以让孩子健康成长,富有同情心与并具备良好的创造力。积极倾听不是一种方法,是一种生活方式。
Let the child and intimate contact with nature can make children grow up healthy, compassionate and have good creativity.

积极倾听不是一种方法,是一种生活方式。
Positive listening is not a way of being a way of life.

 

森林孩子永远是一种内在的态度,随着你在大自然中度过的每一小时,以及你生命中的所有结果,就想出生在森林中的孩子一样,你的内心态度也会随之增加。在自然界中,有无数的小时,由于这种知识,人们对生活中真正重要的东西都有着极大的尊重、意识和清晰的界限。
Forest children are always an inner attitude, and as you spend every hour in nature, and all the results of your life, you want to be born in the forest as a child, your inner attitude will follow increase. In nature, there are countless hours, because of this knowledge, people are really important things in life have a great respect, awareness and clear boundaries.


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